Submitted by Dr T on June 12, 2013 – 8:40pm
Antibiotic prophylaxis is used to prevent an infection inside the heart (called Infective endocarditis) of susceptible patients. As an example, even a minor infection, such as a tooth abscess can cause severe bacterial endocarditis. However, recent recommendations for prophylactic antibiotic therapy before a procedure in patients with heart valve and other cardiac diseases have changed and now include :
- Infective endocarditis is more likely to result from exposure to random bacterial infections associated with daily activities than caused by dental, GI tract, or GU (Read: no orthopedic) procedures.
- Antibiotic prophylaxis is no longer indicated in many cardiac patients for prevention of Infective endocarditis.