- Your Heart
- Ask Dr. T
- Heart Healthy Living
- About Us
- Contact Us
General Cardiac Tests
The lipid profile measures cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, “good” cholesterol), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, “bad” cholesterol). Triglycerides are the major form of fat found in the body and their function is to provide energy for the cells. Below are the desirable ranges for the components of the lipid profile:
- Cholesterol <200 mg/dL (5.18 mmol/L)
- HDL-cholesterol > 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L)
- LDL-cholesterol <100 mg/dL* (2.59 mmol/L)
- Triglycerides <150 mg/dL (1.70 mmol/L)
Some other blood tests that may be used to assess your cardiac risk include:
- High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP): Studies have shown that measuring CRP with a high sensitivity test can help identify risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This test is different from the regular CRP test, which detects elevated levels of CRP in people with infections and inflammatory diseases.
- Lipoprotein A: Lp(a) is a lipoprotein and is similar to LDL-C but does not respond to typical strategies to lower LDL-C such as diet, exercise, or most lipid-lowering drugs. Since the level of Lp(a) appears to be genetically determined and not easily altered, the presence of a high level of Lp(a) may be used to identify individuals who might benefit from more aggressive treatment of other risk factors
All of these contribute to information that your doctor needs to make an optimal recommendation for your care.
Apart from these, if a procedure is considered, your doctor will need to order a variety of tests that may include a chest X-ray, an EKG, lung function tests and urinalysis, as well as a variety of blood tests such as a CBC (your blood count), Coagulation profile (how well does your blood clot), Electrolytes (kidney function), ABG (arterial blood gas) and HIV profile.
- A heart healthy lifestyle is important in reducing blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides, but sometimes even healthy lifestyle is not sufficient. Some conditions involving elevated lipids levels are hereditary and medications may needed to reach normal cholesterol levels.
- Some people are more at risk for a heart attack than others. If you are overweight, smoke, have a high blood pressure or diabetes, abnormal risk test results, and/or have a family history of heart disease, you are at a greater risk.
Ask Doctor T. Blog
I have been advised by my primary physician to schedule a cardiac catherization and possible stent placement procedure after having a Nuclear Stress Test with the following "Findings:
The study quality is excellent. There is no transient LV ischemic dilatation noted. The left ventricular...
I have a friend with internal defibulator. can I perform cpr and is it possible for me to get shocked if the debibulator is going off?