General Cardiac Tests

A variety of health factors indicate your chance of having a cardiovascular event such as heart attack or stroke.

Age, hereditary factors, high cholesterol, weight, cigarette smoking, blood pressure, exercise history, and diabetes are all important in determining your risk for heart disease.  

Blood tests

The lipid profile measures cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, “good” cholesterol), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, “bad” cholesterol). Triglycerides are the major form of fat found in the body and their function is to provide energy for the cells. Below are the desirable ranges for the components of the lipid profile:

  • Cholesterol <200 mg/dL (5.18 mmol/L)
  • HDL-cholesterol > 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L)
  • LDL-cholesterol <100 mg/dL* (2.59 mmol/L)
  • Triglycerides <150 mg/dL (1.70 mmol/L)

Some other blood tests that may be used to assess your cardiac risk include:

  • High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP): Studies have shown that measuring CRP with a high sensitivity test can help identify risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This test is different from the regular CRP test, which detects elevated levels of CRP in people with infections and inflammatory diseases. 
  • Lipoprotein A: Lp(a) is a lipoprotein  and is similar to LDL-C but does not respond to typical strategies to lower LDL-C such as diet, exercise, or most lipid-lowering drugs. Since the level of Lp(a) appears to be genetically determined and not easily altered, the presence of a high level of Lp(a) may be used to identify individuals who might benefit from more aggressive treatment of other risk factors

Calculate here your risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke and cardiovascular disease (CVD)

All of these contribute to information that your doctor needs to make an optimal recommendation for your care.

Apart from these, if a procedure is considered, your doctor will need to order a variety of tests that may include a chest X-ray, an EKG, lung function tests and urinalysis, as well as a variety of blood tests such as a CBC (your blood count), Coagulation profile (how well does your blood clot), Electrolytes (kidney function), ABG (arterial blood gas) and HIV profile.

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