Case studies involving the thorax, mediastinum, embryology of the heart & circulatory systems
Anatomic and clinical reviews that will include basic symptoms and findings, diagnosis & treatment
Tufts University school of Medicine
Joan F. Tryzelaar, M.D., F.A.C.S, F.A.C.C.P.
Before we go on to congenital heart problems, it is good to review how to get into the chest:
You have just been invited to participate in an operation. The surgeon plans a posterolateral thoracotomy to enter the chest. He will tell you that he plans entry via the 6th intercostals interspace(Pearl: found two finger widths below the tip of the scapula).